The Congolese civil war is one of the oldest and most complex conflicts in African history. Independent Congo has undergone multiple phases of protracted conflict and hostility. While there are several scholarship studies on the causes of civil war, few analysts have examined why civil war persists
The European international investment policy is part of the exclusive EU competence and, as such, has been depicted as an area of expert, secretive negotiation understandable through careful analysis of the rules of procedure. This brilliant essay aims at proving that the process of aggregation of interests shaping EU stance is highly problematic, using the example of the TTIP.
After World War I, new forms of Islamic consciousness began to emerge in what would become one of the most impressive manifestations of Muslim unity to date. In a large range of Muslim countries, including Morocco, Egypt, Iraq and Algeria, activists began mobilize in response to external political threats, simultaneously functionalizing and politicizing Islam to lend support for the cause.
This essay argues that Mearsheimer’s structural realism or offensive realism offers little explanatory or predictive value in the complex world of international politics and should rather be viewed as an ideal type of international politics or as a model for policy prescription.
In his essay “Anarchy is what states make of it”, Alexander Wendt posits that anarchy does not causally lead to a self-help system (Wendt 1992). Who is his critique aimed at, and how successful is he?
In his Discourses on Livy, Niccolò Machiavelli warned us of the dangers of suspending our rights in the face of public threat. His visionary insight enclosed the security-privacy dilemma we are sadly facing today. This essay explores the impact of this breach on our civil liberties.
To what extent have the Arab uprisings of 2011 altered the status quo in the Middle East? This essay will argue, in relation to the cases of Egypt and Syria, that the Arab uprisings have significantly altered the autocratic status quo at the national level, affecting the regional balance of power and triggering the emergence of a new security order.
Modern war might remove human beings from war and with it our intimate understanding of war as an art. But in its place we might find a proliferation of violence that is no longer under political control.