On Either Side of the Looking Glass: Anthropology and Double Consciousness
Sociology

On Either Side of the Looking Glass: Anthropology and Double Consciousness

Double consciousness describes the ‘sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt or pity’ (Du Bois, 1994). It is the result of one’s acculturation into a dominant discourse that ‘yields not true self-consciousness’ and supplants it with ascribed inferiority. Continue reading

Les “fans”, aliénés, déterminés, populaires ? Une approche de la détermination sociale du “fan”
Sociology

Les “fans”, aliénés, déterminés, populaires ? Une approche de la détermination sociale du “fan”

La sociologie du goût en France a longtemps été dominée par les théories déterministes, notamment bourdieusiennes, laissant peu de place à l’autodétermination individuelle. L’étude des fans a notamment été matérialisée par des travaux empiriques établissant un lien quasi indiscutable entre caractéristiques sociales et avidité à être fan. Continue reading

AIDS: an “epidemic of signification” ?
Sociology

AIDS: an “epidemic of signification” ?

This essay brilliantly discusses the concept of AIDS as an ‘epidemic of signification’, which was first proposed by Paula Treichler in her 1987 essay, ‘AIDS, Homophobia and Biomedical Discourse: An Epidemic of Signification’.Treichler begins the essay by framing AIDS as a linguistic construction that creates the impression of the existence of a ‘clear-cut disease entity caused by a virus’ (263), rather than a syndrome that is made up of a collection of opportunistic infections that pre-exist AIDS itself. Continue reading