The Arab Spring: a new era in the Middle East ?
International Relations

The Arab Spring: a new era in the Middle East ?

To what extent have the Arab uprisings of 2011 altered the status quo in the Middle East? This essay will argue, in relation to the cases of Egypt and Syria, that the Arab uprisings have significantly altered the autocratic status quo at the national level, affecting the regional balance of power and triggering the emergence of a new security order. Continue reading

The Paradox of Morgenthau’s Realism
International Relations

The Paradox of Morgenthau’s Realism

The father of classical realism, Hans Morgenthau, founds his theory of IR on the assumption that politics is governed by objective laws, rooted in the unchanging nature of human beings as pursuing their interests defined in terms of power. This essay argues that paradoxically, Hans Morgenthau’s focus on political efficacy and statecraft leads him to idealizing the state itself, forgetting that statesmen and governments must be subject to the same human limitations as the rest of us. Continue reading