The Congolese civil war is one of the oldest and most complex conflicts in African history. Independent Congo has undergone multiple phases of protracted conflict and hostility. While there are several scholarship studies on the causes of civil war, few analysts have examined why civil war persists
Despite its claims to universality, law creates boundaries between insiders and outsiders. The task of the legal anthropologist is to understand how these boundaries of inclusion and exclusion are drawn.
Inequality is neither intrinsically positive or detrimental. Its meaning has been distorted in our veneration of the free market, but some level of inequality is necessary.
This powerful essay questions the very meaning and significance of European collective political identity’s emergence within the European integration project.
The relationship between the political and the religious right in Israel between 1967 and 1981 was a deep ideological relationship based on a renewal of both their conception of the Israeli national identity and understanding of Zionism.
Double consciousness describes the ‘sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt or pity’ (Du Bois, 1994). It is the result of one’s acculturation into a dominant discourse that ‘yields not true self-consciousness’ and supplants it with ascribed inferiority.
The new arrivals to Africa, colonial authorities, managed to create a new front for warfare and violence – and whose influence was not felt in its devastating entirety until many, many years later.