The relationship between the political and the religious right in Israel between 1967 and 1981 was a deep ideological relationship based on a renewal of both their conception of the Israeli national identity and understanding of Zionism.
Double consciousness describes the ‘sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt or pity’ (Du Bois, 1994). It is the result of one’s acculturation into a dominant discourse that ‘yields not true self-consciousness’ and supplants it with ascribed inferiority.
The new arrivals to Africa, colonial authorities, managed to create a new front for warfare and violence – and whose influence was not felt in its devastating entirety until many, many years later.
How to make sense of the unexpected survival of NATO after the end of the Cold War ? Understood as a military alliance created to counter the Soviet threat, a realist account would have predicted its disintegration as soon as this commonly perceived threat disappeared. This essay argues that NATO survived because it was identified by its members as the key representative of a self-defined security community of Western liberal-democratic states.