How does Michael Doyle use and interpret Emmanuel Kant’s Perpetual Peace ?
Modern war might remove human beings from war and with it our intimate understanding of war as an art. But in its place we might find a proliferation of violence that is no longer under political control.
Given their comparatively low rate of success why are sanctions so frequently applied?
Is asymmetrical warfare merely a term to describe the perennial battle between the weak and the strong? This essay argues that this term describes any form of warfare in which the belligerents use different tactic. In order to understand why asymmetrical warfare exists, it is argued that one must examine cultural differences between combatants.
Since the end of the colonial era, recurrent civil unrest and violence in Africa have been largely characterised in ethnic or ethnoreligious terms. Recently however, scholars have challenged the idea that ethnic conflict in Africa is primarily the result of inter-group ‘grievances’ and have stressed the importance of economic motivations. But ‘grievance’ and ‘greed’ based explanations have obscured the complex nature of conflicts by reducing its causes to a single factor.
Diplomacy is the art of dealing with the ‘other’. Diplomats must go into one territory as a representative of another polity, yet with prolonged interaction with a new culture the concept of otherness is sure to blur. This issue of diplomats succumbing to ‘localitis’ is the focus of this essay.
Galvanisée par la dégradation progressive de ses relations avec l’Occident à la suite de son action en Ukraine et en Syrie, la Russie de Vladimir Poutine a voulu voir en la Chine l’idéal d’un partenaire « alternatif » sur lequel s’appuyer. Cette ambition se heurte toutefois à la réalité des objectifs de Pékin, dont les dirigeants n’ont jamais été particulièrement enthousiasmés par le concept d’un bloc anti-occidental au sens strict du terme.
The people chose property owning democracy, over socialist democracy in the long run.
The concepts Carl Von Clausewitz introduced in On War are still widely used in war colleges, strategic studies and military literature around the world. However, there have been much debate around the continued relevance of Clausewitzian concepts and his Trinity to contemporary conflicts as Martin van Creveld seems to have been right when he predicted that after the Cold War conflicts would occur within, rather than between, states and thus not fit the Clausewitzian analysis and rationality.