To what extent have the Arab uprisings of 2011 altered the status quo in the Middle East? This essay will argue, in relation to the cases of Egypt and Syria, that the Arab uprisings have significantly altered the autocratic status quo at the national level, affecting the regional balance of power and triggering the emergence of a new security order.
The father of classical realism, Hans Morgenthau, founds his theory of IR on the assumption that politics is governed by objective laws, rooted in the unchanging nature of human beings as pursuing their interests defined in terms of power. This essay argues that paradoxically, Hans Morgenthau’s focus on political efficacy and statecraft leads him to idealizing the state itself, forgetting that statesmen and governments must be subject to the same human limitations as the rest of us.
How does Michael Doyle use and interpret Emmanuel Kant’s Perpetual Peace ?
Modern war might remove human beings from war and with it our intimate understanding of war as an art. But in its place we might find a proliferation of violence that is no longer under political control.
Given their comparatively low rate of success why are sanctions so frequently applied?
Is asymmetrical warfare merely a term to describe the perennial battle between the weak and the strong? This essay argues that this term describes any form of warfare in which the belligerents use different tactic. In order to understand why asymmetrical warfare exists, it is argued that one must examine cultural differences between combatants.
Since the end of the colonial era, recurrent civil unrest and violence in Africa have been largely characterised in ethnic or ethnoreligious terms. Recently however, scholars have challenged the idea that ethnic conflict in Africa is primarily the result of inter-group ‘grievances’ and have stressed the importance of economic motivations. But ‘grievance’ and ‘greed’ based explanations have obscured the complex nature of conflicts by reducing its causes to a single factor.